Table 3.

The risk of GDM among pregnant women with SLE compared to pregnant women from the general population.

 No. of Pregnancies With GDM, n (%)UnadjustedAdjusteda
 RR95% CIRR95% CI
First pregnancies only     
      SLE4/325 (1.2)1.040.36–2.991.110.38–3.27
      General population22/1855 (1.2)1.001.00
All pregnancies
      SLE18/695 (2.6)1.851.10––3.40
      General population65/4644 (1.4)1.001.00
  • aAdjusted for maternal age at delivery, year of birth, and obesity. GDM: gestational diabetes mellitus; RR: risk ratio; SLE: systemic lupus erythematosus.