Table 1.

Characteristics at RA incidence in patients who developed HF during the follow-up and those who did not.

HF, n = 143Non-HF, n = 143P
Age at RA diagnosis, yrs, mean ± SD65.8 ± 12.364.5 ± 12.50.42
Female, n (%)88 (62)88 (62)> 0.99
BMI, kg/m2, mean ± SD28.6 ± 6.527.7 ± 5.40.37
Smoking status, n (%)0.62
    Never46 (32)53 (37)
    Former66 (46)59 (41)
    Current31 (22)31 (22)
RA characteristics
    RF/anti-CCP positivity, n (%)96 (68)94 (66)0.80
    Year of RA diagnosis, mean ± SD1993 ± 8.61994 ± 8.60.33
CVD risk factors, n (%)
    Hypertension81 (57)56 (39)0.003
    Diabetes mellitus22 (15)11 (8)0.04
    Dyslipidemia91 (64)88 (62)0.71
    Lipid-lowering drugs26 (18)24 (17)0.76
  • CCP: cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody; CVD: cardiovascular disease; HF: heart failure; RA: rheumatoid arthritis; RF: rheumatoid factor.