Table 2.

Types of TCM modalities and sources of TCM recommendations reported by TCM users (n = 115).

TCM ModalitiesValues
Tuina massage54 (47)
Acupuncture52 (45)
Herbs by mouth43 (37)
Cupping37 (32)
Food therapy22 (19)
Acupressure17 (15)
Topical herbs15 (13)
Guasha9 (8)
Tai chi7 (6)
Moxibustion3 (3)
Qigong3 (3)
Other*6 (5)
Sources of TCM RecommendationsValues
My own preference49 (43)
Family/friends46 (40)
Doctor/nurse21 (18)
Newspaper8 (7)
Ads/commercial7 (6)
Books3(30
Internet2 (2)
Other^6 (5)
  • Values are n (%).

  • * Two took supplements, and 1 each used foot massage, Buddhist meditation, knee percussion, and electroacupuncture.

  • ^ One each from podiatrist, walking by a TCM place, TCM doctor, television, insurance company. TCM: traditional Chinese medicine.