Table 3.

Results of cardiac explorations at baseline and during followup. Data are n (%) unless otherwise indicated.

LM Onset1 MonthLast Visit
Electrocardiographyn = 28n = 20n = 17
Normal3 (11)17 (85)16 (94)
Sinus tachycardia19 (68)00
Atrioventricular block1 (4)00
Right bundle branch block4 (14)3 (15)1 (6)
ST-T wave changes12 (43)1 (5)0
Q wave2 (7)00
Chest radiographn = 22
Normal3 (14)
Cardiomegaly4 (18)
Pleural effusion10 (45)
Pulmonary infiltrates13 (59)
Echocardiographyn = 29n = 23n = 20
Normal1 (3)4 (17)15 (75)
LVEF ≤ 45%19 (66)8 (35)0
LVEF ≥ 55%6 (21)10 (43)16 (80)
Global wall motion abnormality19 (65)6 (26)2 (10)
Regional wall motion abnormality6 (21)6 (26)1 (5)
Valvular dysfunction12 (41)6 (26)3 (15)
Pericardial effusion20 (69)4 (17)0
Median LVEF37%47%60%
Cardiac MRI1311
Normal04 (36)
LVEF ≤ 45%7 (54)1 (9)
Late gadolinium enhancement9 (69)3 (27)
Pericardial effusion9 (69)0
  • LM: lupus myocarditis; LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging.