Table 1.

Categories of CV, selected chronic conditions, and risk factors with their corresponding Australian Bureau of Statistics’ National Health Survey (NHS) 2007–08 data category. Data self-reported unless otherwise specified.

Variable CategoriesCorresponding NHS07-08 Category
Communication vulnerability categories
  Hearing impairmentComplete or partial deafness or other hearing loss.
  Vision impairmentComplete or partial blindness in 1 or both eyes; diabetes-related vision disability; glaucoma; macular degeneration or other disorders of choroid and retina; other visual disturbances or loss of vision.
  Speech impairmentAny speech difficulty.
  Cognitive disabilityIntellectual disability; psychological disability; or head injury, or stroke- or brain damage-related disability.
  Low educational attainment (as proxy for health literacy)Completed up to secondary education of Yr 10 level (or less).
  Country of birth (ESL; as proxy for English proficiency)Country of birth where English was not the main language spoken; with subcategories of timing of arrival in Australia:
  1. Recently migrated (up to 10 yrs prior to survey).

  2. Medium-term migrant (between 10–20 yrs prior).

  3. Longstanding migrant (migrated more than 20 yrs ago).

Chronic condition categories
  Cardiovascular diseaseAngina; other ischemic heart diseases; diseases of the arteries, arterioles, and capillaries; cerebrovascular diseases; edema and heart failure; other diseases of the circulatory system; cardiac murmurs and cardiac sounds; and other symptoms and signs involving the circulatory system.
  CancerMalignant neoplasms of the skin, other malignant neoplasms, and site unknown.
  DiabetesType 1, type 2, and type unknown.
  COPDBronchitis and emphysema.
  Mental healthAlcohol and drug problems; other mood (affective) disorders; feeling depressed; anxiety-related problems; problems of psychological development; behavioral and emotional problems with usual onset in childhood/adolescence; other mental and behavioral problems; and symptoms/signs involving cognition, perceptions, emotional state, and behavior.
  MSKArthritis – OA (97% responses in this category were OA; other responses included degeneration of specific joint, knee OA, and hip OA). Arthritis – rheumatoid (95% responses included RA; other responses included RA autoimmune; AS; arthritis inflammatory). Arthritis — other/type unknown and other arthropathies, other soft tissue disorders and rheumatism, back pain/problems (sciatica, disc disorders, curvature of the spine), gout, osteoporosis, other MSK (symptoms, signs involving nervous and musculoskeletal system, other diseases musculoskeletal system, and connective tissue).
Risk factor categories
  BiomedicalHigh blood pressure (reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher, measured during NHS07-08 interview), high cholesterol, obesity (BMI of 30.00 kg/m2 or more), and high blood sugar.
  LifestyleRisky level of alcohol consumption (considers average daily alcohol consumed during previous 3 days and the total number of days alcohol was consumed in the week prior to interview: men 5–6 standard drinks, women 3–4 standard drinks), current smoker (regularly smoked 1 or more cigarettes, cigars, or pipes per day at the time of the interview), insufficient vegetable intake (less than 5 servings of vegetables per day for adults), insufficient fruit intake (less than 2 servings of fruit per day for adults), and low physical activity levels (very little or no exercise).
  • CV: communication vulnerabilities; ESL: English as a second language; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; MSK: musculoskeletal conditions; OA: osteoarthritis; RA: rheumatoid arthritis; AS: ankylosing spondylitis; BMI: body mass index.