Table 2.

Prevalence of any and specific CV among the Australian working-age (18–64 yrs) population with at least 1 MSK or without MSK, and associations (OR) between at least 1 MSK and at least 1 CV in working-age population.

VariablesWorking-age Population Prevalence, %Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
All, n = 12,604With at Least 1 MSK, n = 4555With No MSK, n = 8049Model 1*Model 2**
Any CV55.665.050.91.4 (1.2–1.6)1.3 (1.1–1.4)
Specific CV
  Hearing impairment9.015.15.92.1 (1.7–2.5)2.1 (1.7–2.5)
  Vision impairment5.17.53.91.5 (1.2–1.9)1.5 (1.2–1.8)
  Speech impairment0.40.30.40.9 (0.4–2.2)0.9 (0.4–2.0)
  Cognitive disability7.111.45.02.5 (2.0–3.0)2.3 (1.6–2.8)
  Low educational attainment32.943.327.61.4 (1.3–1.6)1.3 (1.2–1.5)
  Country of birth (ESL)18.915.720.50.7 (0.6–0.8)0.6 (0.5–0.7)
  Recent migrant, 0–10 yrs7.83.89.80.5 (0.4–0.7)0.5 (0.4–0.6)
  Medium-term migrant, 10–20 yrs4.53.55.10.6 (0.5–0.8)0.6 (0.5–0.8)
  Longstanding migrant, 20+ yrs6.68.55.60.9 (0.7–1.1)0.8 (0.7–1.1)
  • a Multiple logistic regression: each communication vulnerability is used as outcome, and MSK as predictor.

  • * Associations are adjusted for age and sex.

  • ** Associations are adjusted for age, sex, income, and occupation. CV: communication vulnerabilities; MSK: musculoskeletal conditions; ESL: English as a second language.