Table 2.

Characteristics of the participants.

CharacteristicIntervention Arms, n (%)
GMCB, n = 40TRAD, n = 40
Age, mean (SD)63.4 (7.2)63.6 (6.6)
Sex
  Male4 (10)9 (23)
  Female36 (90)31 (77)
Ethnicity
  White29 (73)26 (65)
  African American8 (20)12 (30)
  Asian1 (2)1 (2)
  Latino2 (5)1 (2)
Education
  High school or less16 (40)18 (45)
  More than high school24 (60)22 (55)
Income, US
  < $15 K4 (10)9 (23)
  $15–$35 K9 (23)7 (17)
  $35–$50 K3 (8)6 (15)
  > $50 K24 (60)18 (45)
BMI, kg/m2, m (SD)32.4 (7.1)33.0 (7.1)
BMI classification
  Normal/underweight6 (15)3 (7)
  Overweight10 (25)12 (30)
  Obese24 (60)25 (63)
  • GMCB: group-mediated cognitive behavioral exercise; TRAD: traditional center-based exercise therapy; BMI: body mass index.