Table 5.

Type of lesion and other predictive factors related to the scores on the 4 quality of life (QOL) domains (ANOVA, adjustment on age and sex).

Age at Accident ≥ 16 yrs MAIS = 1Physical Score, n = 374Mental Score, n = 375Social Score, n = 375Environmental Score; n = 375
Scale (0–100)nßSE1pnßSE1pnßSE1pnßSE1p
Intercept87.382.09< 0.000171.762.03< 0.000179.421.79< 0.000173.362.12< 0.0001
Adjustment variables
  Sex< 0.03NSNSNS
    Male188ref189ref189ref189ref
    Female186−3.741.71186−2.571.66186−1.681.96186−2.371.72
  Age< 0.05NS< 0.02NS
    < 35 yrs230ref231ref231ref231ref
    ≥ 35 yrs144−3.581.711.44−2.401.66144−4.861.99144−0.071.72
Type of lesionNSNSNSNS
  Non-whiplash204ref205ref205ref205ref
  Whiplash grade 162−4.142.3262−4.562.2562−2.942.7362−1.162.33
  Whiplash grade 2108−2.931.901080.621.841080.622.24108−1.831.91
Predictive factors
  Education level< 0.001< 0.01NS3< 0.001
    < School-leaving certificate178−7.792.11179−4.042.04179−8.012.12
    School-leaving certificate86ref86ref86ref
    > School-leaving certificate110−2.642.311101.582.24110−1.882.32
  Financial difficulties before accident4NS3NS3< 0.02< 0.01
    No274ref274ref
    Yes101−5.252.20101−5.411.86
  Psychological history< 0.001< 0.01< 0.01NS3
    No254ref255ref255ref
    Yes120−6.121.78120−5.471.72120−6.282.10
  Intention to lodge complaint< 0.0001not included2not included2NS3
    No334ref
    Yes40−10.592.63
  • 1 SE: Standard error.

  • 2 not included: variable nonsignificant on univariate analysis (threshold = 10%) and therefore not included in multivariate analysis.

  • 3 NS: variable nonsignificant when introduced in the multivariate model, therefore removed from model.

  • 4 Combination of several variables: job loss, financial difficulties, failure over the 12 months before the accident. MAIS: maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale.