Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of patients with (GCA-Ao) and without aortitis (GCA-noAo) at GCA onset. Data represent number (percentage) or mean ± SD.

CharacteristicGCA-Ao, n = 10GCA-noAo, n = 12p
Age, yrs76 ± 5.2672 ± 8.370.30
Sex ratio, female/male8/29/31
Arterial hypertension6 (60)8 (66.7)1
Diabetes3 (30)5 (41.6)0.67
Hypercholesterolemia1 (10)4 (33.3)0.32
Smoking1 (10)0 (0)0.45
C-reactive protein, mg/l139 ± 109.96124 ± 84.780.53
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, mm/h83 ± 26.4877 ± 32.750.59
Headache4 (40)6 (50)0.69
Ocular involvement*0 (0)3 (25)0.22
Jaw claudication1 (10)2 (16.6)1
Scalp hyperesthesia2 (20)3 (25)1
Polymyalgia rheumatica2 (20)1 (8.3)0.57
Fever4 (40)2 (16.7)0.34
  • * Visual loss, amaurosis fugax, diplopia, acutely blurred vision, evaluated by an ophthalmologist. GCA: giant cell arteritis.