Table 3.

Mean concentration of serum and urinary MCP-1 in the 4 study groups. Data are mean ± SD.

GroupsSerum MCP-1, pg/mlUrinary MCP-1, pg/mg
A-LN912.70 ± 746.641374.10 ± 1344.30*
R-LN998.50 ± 539.96468.00 ± 390.30
NR-SLE1059.87 ± 1193.26410.00 ± 309.00
Control863.98 ± 316.90294.80 ± 261.90
  • * p < 0.001. A-LN: active lupus nephritis; R-LN: remission lupus nephritis; NR-SLE: nonrenal systemic lupus erythematosus; MCP: monocyte chemotactic protein.