Table 4.

Differential diagnosis of dorsal hand edema mimicking PMR or RS3PE.

Rheumatologic disease
  Rheumatoid arthritis7,8
  Spondyloarthropathy7,8
  Sjögren’s syndrome8
  Mixed connective tissue disease
  Vasculitis37
  Relapsing polychondritis38
Malignancy
  Hematologic
    Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma11,18
    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia16
    T-cell lymphoma13
    Myelodysplastic syndrome16,18
  Solid tumor
    Gastric12
    Colon12,13,18
    Pancreatic13
    Prostate12
    Hepatic14
    Ovarian15
    Endometrial13
    Breast17
    Lung13
    Fibrohistocytoma18
    Cancer of unknown origin13
Others
  Sacroidosis33
  Amyloidosis34
  Complex regional pain syndrome36
  Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia39
  • RS3PE: remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema; PMR: polymyalgia rheumatica