Table 1.

Approaches to measuring disease activity.

Physical FindingsPatient Self-evaluationLaboratory ResultsDiagnostic Tools
PsychosisSeizureMyositisCranial nerve disorder
Organic brain syndromeCranial nerve disorderUrinary castsCerebrovascular accident
Visual disturbanceLupus headacheHematuriaPleurisy
Cranial nerve disorderAlopeciaProteinuriaPericarditis
Cerebrovascular accidentMucosal ulcersPyuria
VasculitisPleurisyLow complements
ArthritisPericarditisIncreased anti-DNA antibodies
MyositisFeverThrombocytopenia
RashLeukopenia
Alopecia