Table 2.

Lost hours and costs due to presenteeism in the past 2 weeks. Numbers are mean (SD) unless otherwise indicated. Costs are Canadian dollars.

Mean (SD)Median (Q1–Q3)
HLQ
  Response, n (%)
    Missing36 (17.0)
    0129 (60.9)
    > 047 (22.2)
  Lost hours for all1.6 (3.9)0.0 (0.0–1.0)
  Lost hours for response > 05.8 (5.7)4.0 (2.0–7.0)
  Costs for all$30.03 (73.05)$0.00 (0.00–22.74)
WLQ
  Response, n (%)
    Missing16 (7.6)
    010 (4.7)
    > 0186 (87.7)
  Lost hours for all4.0 (3.9)3.1 (1.2–5.1)
  Lost hours for response > 04.2 (3.9)3.2 (1.4–5.5)
  Costs for all$83.05 (82.62)$57.32 (25.06–114.36)
HPQ
  Response, n (%)
    Missing2 (0.9)
    034 (16.0)
    > 0176 (83.0)
  Lost hours for all13.5 (12.5)10.0 (5.1–17.6)
  Lost hours for response > 016.1 (12.0)13.6 (7.5–20.6)
  Costs for all$284.07 (307.76)$197.22 (82.15–380.36)
WPAI
  Response, n (%)
    Missing0 (0.0)
    058 (27.4)
    > 0154 (72.6)
  Lost hours for all14.2 (16.7)8.7 (0.0–19.8)
  Lost hours for response > 019.6 (16.7)14.5 (8.0–24.0)
  Costs for all$285.10 (355.66)$182.93 (0.00–393.91)
  • HLQ: Health and Labour Questionnaire; WLQ: Work Limitations Questionnaire; HPQ: WHO Health and Work Performance Questionnaire; WPAI: Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire. p < 0.001 for comparison of means using repeated measures analysis of variance. p < 0.05 for all 6 pairwise comparisons except for HLQ vs WLQ and HPQ vs WPAI (Bonferroni correction).