Table 2.

Serum lipid, lipoprotein (Lp), and apolipoprotein (Apo) values.

MalePremenopausal FemalePostmenopausal Femalep
Total cholesterol, mmol/l5.59 (0.91)5.16 (1.03)5.70 (0.84)0.063
Triglyceride, mmol/l*1.43 (1.57)a1.04 (1.53)b1.15 (1.54)a,b0.033
LDL-c, mmol/l3.75 (0.89)a3.00 (0.85)b3.45 (0.75)a,b0.010
VLDL-c, mmol/l0.42 (0.29)0.29 (0.24)0.31 (0.24)0.133
HDL-c, mmol/l1.40 (0.45)a1.86 (0.59)b1.93 (0.42)b< 0.001
Apo A-I, g/l1.41 (0.22)a1.64 (0.45)b1.72 (0.26)b< 0.001
Apo B, g/l1.07 (0.25)a0.84 (0.15)b0.92 (0.19)b< 0.001
Lp(a), g/l*0.32 (3.11)0.26 (2.58)0.30 (2.84)0.796
TC/HDL-c ratio4.34 (1.43)a3.00 (1.07)b3.09 (0.83)a,b< 0.001
LDL-c/HDL-c ratio2.96 (1.19)a1.81 (0.95)b1.90 (0.69)a,b< 0.001
Apo B/Apo A-I ratio0.79 (0.25)a0.55 (0.19)b0.55 (0.16)a,b< 0.001
  • Data are expressed as mean (SD).

  • a,b Two means with different superindex express statistically significant differences (p < 0.05 by Bonferroni’s contrast).

  • * TG and Lp(a) values analyzed as logarithm and expressed as anti-logarithm. LDL-c: low density lipoprotein cholesterol; VLDL-c: very low density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-c: high density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC: total cholesterol.