Table 1.

Univariable analysis.

VariableGood Musculoskeletal Health, n (%)RR (95% CI) (adjusted for age and sex)
YesNo
Distress (GHQ)
  Low298 (23)1002 (77)2.26 (1.75–2.90)
  Medium56 (12)408 (88)1.17 (0.83–1.65)
  High65 (10)578 (90)1
Depression (HAD)
  Low269 (24)862 (76)2.70 (2.03–3.58)
  Medium95 (14)589 (86)1.57 (1.13–2.17)
  High51 (9)537 (91)1
Anxiety (HAD)
  Low223 (22)780 (73)2.08 (1.63–2.66)
  Medium116 (17)548 (83)1.65 (1.26–2.16)
  High77 (11)656 (89)1
Health anxiety (IAS)
  Low170 (21)638 (79)1.62 (1.28–2.06)
  Medium142 (17)687 (83)1.36 (1.06–1.73)
  High88 (13)612 (87)1
Illness behavior (IAS)
  Low248 (27)656 (73)5.77 (4.01–8.29)
  Medium135 (17)682 (83)3.53 (2.42–5.14)
  High31 (5)637 (95)1
Sleep problems
  Low234 (29)587 (72)3.37 (2.6–4.38)
  Medium116 (15)653 (85)1.79 (1.33–2.38)
  High64 (8)708 (92)1
Somatic Symptoms (STSD)
  0248 (23)851 (77)3.16 (1.61–6.20)
  172 (13)499 (87)1.79 (0.89–3.60)
  226 (11)210 (89)1.56 (0.73–3.32)
  3+8 (7)105 (93)1
Life events
  0223 (23)815 (79)2.37 (1.58–3.54)
  1–2167 (16)909 (84)1.73 (1.15–2.60)
  3+24 (9)237 (91)1
  • RR: relative risk; GHQ: General Health Questionnaire; HAD: Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale; IAS: Illness Attitudes Scale; STSD: Screening Test for Somatisation Disorder.