Table 2.

Clinical characteristics of 19 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) and lower extremity (LE) vasculitis.

CharacteristicNo. Patients with GCA and LE Vasculitis
Female, n (%)19 (100)
Mean age at diagnosis GCA, yrs (standard deviation)70 (7.99)
LE symptom onset prior to diagnosis GCA, n (%)16 (84.2)
LE symptom onset after diagnosis GCA, n (%)3 (15.8)
Symptoms of GCA, n (%)
  New headache8 (42.1)
  Jaw claudication11 (57.9)
  Diplopia0
  Transient visual loss2 (10.5)
Permanent visual loss0
Presence of any cranial symptoms at onset LE claudication, n (%)11 (57.9)
Symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica, n (%)10 (52.6)
GCA on pathology, n = 16 (%)14/16* (87.5)
Median ESR at diagnosis LE vasculitis, mm/h (range)42.5 (8–103)
Upper extremity arterial involvement, n (%)5 (26.3)
Cardiovascular risk factors, n (%)
  Hypertension9 (47.4)
  Hyperlipidemia7 (36.8)
  Current smoking0
  Former smoker5 (26.3)
  Diabetes0
  • * GCA diagnosed on pathology from superficial femoral artery in 1 patient.