This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.
Objective. To assess the efficacy and safety of the interleukin-1β (IL-1β) inhibitor canakinumab in all adolescent and adult patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) identified from the Greek National Registry for off-label drug use between 2010 and 2015.
Methods. In this retrospective longitudinal outcome study, clinical and laboratory data were collected from 14 patients (7 men) aged median 38.5 years (range 13–70), with median disease duration of 14 years, and active FMF despite colchicine (n = 9) or both colchicine and anakinra (n = 5).
Results. All patients continued to receive canakinumab at last visit (median of 18 mos, range 13–53), which was initially given as monotherapy (n = 8) or in combination with colchicine and/or corticosteroids, every 4 (n = 7), 6 (n = 2), or 8 weeks (n = 5). Eleven patients (79%), including 6 receiving monotherapy, achieved complete clinical remission within 2 months (median), while normalization of all laboratory variables denoting inflammation occurred in 92% at 3 months (median). The remaining 3 patients achieved partial responses. Responses were sustained in all but 4 patients, who relapsed. Reducing the canakinumab administration interval from 8 or 6 weeks to 4 weeks led to suppression of disease activity in the relapsing patients. On the other hand, drug administration interval could be safely increased in 2 patients in remission. Corticosteroid doses were significantly reduced during followup. Canakinumab was well tolerated; 1 patient experienced a urinary tract infection and another one a viral gastroenteritis.
Conclusion. Treatment with canakinumab in an individualized dosing scheme results in rapid and sustained remission in colchicine-resistant FMF.
Supported in part by ELKE grant 917, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.
- Accepted for publication October 9, 2016.